BROWN Art Supply Pigment Database Watercolor Acrylic Ink Pencil Color Chart Swatch

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Artist reference guide to Brown pigments in art supplies. Color chart swatch cards of common pigments in watercolor, acrylic paint, inks and pencils. Includes lightfast or fugitive information, index by pigment number code, brand, manufacturer color name, how the color appears in masstone (full strength) or diluted (with water). Each image displays opacity, lifting (erasing with a damp brush), and layering (glazing a second coat after the first has dried).

 

PBr6 , PBr7 , PBr8 , PBr9 , PBr11 , PBr23 , PBr24 , PBr25 , PBr33 , PBr41

Natural, antiquity, mineral or unique brown pigments: Bronzite Genuine , Burnt Bronzite Genuine , Hematite Genuine , Minnesota Pipestone , Piemontite Genuine , Sicklerite Genuine , Tigers Eye Genuine , Yavapai Genuine

 

Grayscale swatch card information panel

 

PBr6 Iron Oxide Hydroxide Brown:

Lightfast, granulating and varying degrees of sedimentary trace minerals (flecks of black or deep brown particles) with additional color separation in wet washes. PBr6 is overall uncommon as a pigment choice compared to similar earth browns (PBr7). I have experienced moderate to severe wet to dry shift (becomes pale and desaturated) with PBr6 pigments which makes it difficult to anticipate how your art will look once dry.

PBr6 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Mars Brown Art Pigment Database PBr6 Daniel Smith Watercolor Enviro-Friendly Yellow Iron Oxide Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card PBr6 White Nights Mars Brown Watercolor Pigment Swatch Database Card Color Art PBr6 Daniel Smith Watercolor E-F Brown Iron Oxide pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database

PBr6 Mixtures:
PG19 PBr6 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Tundra Green Art Pigment Database PY42 PBr6 PBk7 PW6 White Nights Watercolor Dunes PV62 PBr6 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Galaxy Brown Granulating Special Edition PBr6 PG26 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Glacier Brown Granulating Special Edition

 

PBr7 Brown Iron Oxide:
Lightfast. Common. This pigment number describes brown earth that is capable of being incredibly variable colors. Each source of iron oxide from around the world may contain trace minerals that alter the hue from yellow, brown, red to near-black. RECOMMENDED PIGMENT: The deep warm dark brown version called "Burnt Umber" is on my palette list. It's a helpful brown for everything from portraits spanning dark to light skin tones, botanical branches/trees, landscapes and mixing your own black or warm/cool shadow colors with Ultramarine Blue PB29. Be aware that some companies substitute PR101 mixed with PBk7/Black pigments to mimic Burnt Umber, which does not have the same gentle granulation and can be more staining than the PBr7 version.
PBr7 Winsor and Newton Professional Brown Ochre Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 Daniel Smith Watercolor Monte Amiata Natural Sienna Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card PBr7 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Raw Sienna Light swatch pigment dark paint art pro grade PBr7 Daniel Smith Watercolor Raw Sienna Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card PBr7 Winsor and Newton Professional Raw Umber Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 Shinhan Korean Color A Raw Umber Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 Daniel Smith Watercolor Italian Burnt Sienna Pigment Swatch Database Card PBr7 Daniel Smith Watercolor Mummy Bauxite swatch pigment granulating vibrant PBr7 Daniel Smith Watercolor Pompeii Red pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PBr7 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Raw Sienna color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PBr7 Turner Watercolor Burnt Sienna Color Pigment Database Swatch Card PBr7 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Burnt Sienna swatch pigment dark paint art pro grade PBr7 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Burnt Sienna color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PBr7 Schmincke Horadam Maroon Brown Watercolor Pigment Swatch Database Card Color Art PBr7 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Raw Umber swatch pigment dark paint art pro grade PBr7 Turner Watercolor Burnt Umber Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PBr7 Rosa Gallery Burnt Umber Watercolor Paint Pigment Database Handprint Color Chart PBr7 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Burnt Umber color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PBr7 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Burnt Umber swatch pigment dark paint art pro grade PBr7 Shinhan Korean Color A Burnt Umber Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Burned Sienna Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 Utrecht Watercolor Burnt Umber Art Pigment Database PBr7 Da Vinci Burnt Umber Watercolor Pigment Swatch Database Card Color Art PBr7 Roman Szmal Aquarius Cyprus Burnt Umber Watercolor Pigment Swatch Database Card Color Art PBr7 White Nights Burnt Umber Watercolor Pigment Swatch Database Card Color Art PBr7 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Raw Umber color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PBr7 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Burned Brown Swatch Card Color Chart  PBr7 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Umber Handprint Database Transparent Red Iron Oxide Pigment PBr7 Daniel Smith Watercolor German Ground Raw Umber swatch pigment granulating vibrant PBr7 Daniel Smith Watercolor Raw Umber Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card PBr7 Da Vinci Watercolor Raw Umber Natural Watercolour swatch color chart card pigment PBr7 Holbein ACRYLIC INK Burnt Umber pigment swatch card color colour database PBr7 Daniel Smith Watercolor Van Dyck Brown pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database

 

PBr7 Mixtures:
PY3 PY150 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor French Ochre Art Pigment Database PBr7 PB29 PY53 Daniel Smith Watercolor Olive Green Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card PY3 PBr7 Shinhan Korean Color A Greenish Yellow Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB15 PBr7 Daniel Smith Cascade Green Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 PG18 Grumbacher Academy Green Earth Hue Watercolor Swatch Card PB15 PBr7 Paul Rubens Tube Watercolor Christmas Green Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 PB15 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Christmas Green Swatch Card Color Chart PG7 PBr7 PY74 Jo Sonja's Matte Fluid Acrylic Pine Green chroma opaque flow vibrant pigment swatch card database PY129 PB60 PG7 PBr7 PR101 Old Holland Classic Watercolor Olive Green Dark pigment swatch database card color separation swatch PR101 PBr7 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Umber Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 PR101 PY42 Winsor and Newton Professional Burnt Umber Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY42 PBr7 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Raw Sienna Handprint Pigment Database Color Chart Swatch Card PBr7 PV19 Daniel Smith Watercolor Raw Umber Violet swatch pigment granulating vibrant PBr25 PBY150 PR112 Mission Gold Watercolor Burnt Sienna Art Pigment Database PBr7 PR177 PBk7 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Sepia Transparent handprint color chart Pigment PBr7 PBk9 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Sepia Extra swatch pigment dark paint art pro grade PY150 PBr7 PBk7 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Vandyke Brown Art Pigment Database PB15:1 PBr7 PBk9 Schmincke Horadam Sepia Brown Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 PBk9 Daniel Smith Watercolor Sepia pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PBr7 PBk6 Blick Artists Watercolor Sepia Art Pigment Database PB29 PBr7 Daniel Smith Jane's Grey Watercolor Mixture Granulating Art Pigment Database Swatch Card

 

PBr8 Manganese Brown:
Rare pigment. Pale, similar to raw umber with less granulation and more color separation. 
PBr8 Rembrandt Greenish Umber Rare manganese brown pigment watercolor paint swatch

 

 

PBr9 Copper Ferrocyanide:
Rare. Grumbacher and Blick (store brand) are the same paints rebranded. Very gritty, sandy, unpleasant texture similar to dirt.
PBr9 Grumbacher Watercolor Van Dyck Brown Art Pigment Database PBr9 Blick Artists Watercolor Van Dyck Brown Art Pigment Database

 

 

PBr11 Magnesium Ferrite:
Highly recommended, this color is on my main palette (top lightfast pigments page here). Extreme granulation texture. Orange-brown hue, similar to terra cotta clay in color. This lightfast pigment separates out from any color you mix it with. Ideal for use in textural landscapes and purposefully color-separating effect mixtures. Use this pigment to easily mimic replicas of Daniel Smith Primatek mineral colors (like Serpentine, Green Apatite, Burnt Tiger's Eye, Jadeite and Diopside). I have only seen PBr11 offered in watercolor by Daniel Smith and Roman Szmal, but you may also be interested in PY119 Magnesium Brown by Winsor and Newton which is slightly more finely ground (smaller particle size compared to PBr11) and just a touch more yellow. It performs similarly in mixtures, but is labeled as "PY119" with a more subtle texture. I suspect that Magnesium Brown may actually be mislabeled as PY119 but really be PBr11 or a custom hybrid (as PBr11 is the color index code for a Magnesium - not PY119 Zinc - based iron oxide brown).

 

 

You may see some brands label colors that are very opaque in masstone as transparent or semi transparent. This appears to be due to the fact that you can see through the cracks of sediment in these types of harshly granulating colors in wet washes. Some granulating colors flake into tiny chunks (diluting clear) with no underlying or staining color (such as PBk11 Lunar Black). I will put notes on the cards when my experience differs from manufacturer ratings, since you should go into this knowing it's not a transparent layering/glazing color.
PBr11 Roman Szmal Aquarius Brown Lunar Earth Watercolor Granulating Red Terra Cotta PBr11 Daniel Smith Watercolor Lunar Earth Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card

 

 

PBr23 Pigment Brown 23:
Lightfast. Oddly, Sennelier has four mixtures containing PBr23, yet does not offer it as a single pigment watercolor. 
PBr23 Aero Color Professional Schmincke Acrylic Ink Teak Brown pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database

 

PBr23 Mixtures:
PY3 PY150 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor French Ochre Art Pigment Database PY150 PR209 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Chinese Orange Art Pigment Database PR177 PBr23 PV19 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Alizarin Crimson Lake Extra pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PY150 PG7 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Brown Pink Art Pigment Database PY150 PG36 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Olive Green Art Pigment Database

 

PBr24 Chrome Antimony Titanate:
Lightfast, opaque warm brown, leaning slightly towards red than the similar pigment "Yellow Ochre" (see PY42). Some artists use this color in landscapes, but the gouache versions are also very helpful for highlights on animal fur. Color range and opacity varies by brand.
PBr24 Winsor and Newton Professional Naples Yellow Deep Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PBr24 Schmincke Horadam Gouache Titanium Gold Ochre Art Pigment Database PBr24 Shinhan Korean Color A Yellow Ochre Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PBr24 Mixtures:
PBr24 PW6 Winsor and Newton Professional Naples Yellow Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PBr25 Benzimidazolone Brown:
Made by just a few manufacturers worldwide, PBr25 is a staining rich brown that can vary between reddish (similar to perylene maroon) to cool brown (like burnt umber but without granulation). Goes under several names such as Permanent brown, Imidazolone Brown, Wood, Polish Brown and Brown Madder depending on the brand. I have found it in the catalogs of Daniel Smith, Holbein, Renesans and Art Philosophy (Prima). Lightfast.
Pbr25 prima art philosophy confetti pan watercolor set pigment brown wood PBr25 Daniel Smith Watercolor Permanent Brown swatch pigment granulating vibrant PBr25 Prima Tube Permanent Brown Swatch Card PBr25 Holbein Acrylic Ink Imidazolone Brown texture diluted masstone glazed dip pen writing swatch card

 

PBr25 Mixtures:

Holbein's Greenish Yellow is a very good pigment recipe for replicating PY129 Green Gold.

PY150 PBr25 PG7 Holbein Watercolor Greenish Yellow Art Pigment Database PBr25 PR112 PY150 Mission Gold Watercolor Light Red Art Pigment Database PG36 PBr25 PY150 Mission Gold Watercolor Hooker's Green Art Pigment Database PY150 PG7 PBr25 Holbein Watercolor Olive Green Art Pigment Database PBr25 PBY150 PR112 Mission Gold Watercolor Burnt Sienna Art Pigment Database PBr25 PBY150 PR112 Mission Gold Watercolor Burnt Sienna Art Pigment Database

PBr33 Zinc Iron Chromite Brown:

A rare lightfast earth brown offered only by Schmincke Horadam, which they call "Mahogany Brown". This color used to be a deeper cool brown, but around 2016 their older manufacturer discontinued making it and the new pigment supplier had a warmer brown instead. Both versions are actively granulating with minor color separation in wet washes. Particularly useful for animal fur, landscapes and creating color separating combinations (such as the limited edition colors shown in mixtures below).

PBr33 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Mahogany Brown Art Pigment Database 

PBr33 Mixtures:
PB29 PBr33 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Deep Sea Violet Granulating Special Edition PV16 PBr33 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Galaxy Pink Granulating Special Edition

 

PBr41 Disazo Condensation Brown:

PBr41 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Transparent Brown Professional Paint Color Chart 

PBr41 Mixtures:
PY65 PBr41 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Gold Brown Pigment Database Swatch Card

 

Bronzite Genuine: This brown mineral is rarely used in paint making and only offered by Daniel Smith. It has a weak masstone and can be slightly difficult to re-wet from dry. There is a subtle sparkle effect, similar to coarse pearl mica PW20.
Mineral Daniel Smith Bronzite Genuine sparkle glitter watercolor color colour pigment database swatch card

 

Burnt Bronzite Genuine: Lightfast mineral pigment. Daniel Smith offers this pigment in watercolor and it is otherwise rarely used in paint making.
Mineral Daniel Smith Burnt Bronzite Genuine Watercolor gemstone rare color swatch database pigment

 

Hematite Genuine: Daniel Smith offers three colors of this mineral, all of which are lightfast, extremely granulating and have varying degrees of color separation. Hematite is a near-black pigment with subtle dark brown color separation displayed in wet washes. Hematite Violet is a dark brown-black with subtle red-brown separation. Hematite Burnt Scarlet is much more brown than black compared to the other versions and has a brighter orange-brown color separation in wet washes. All are very helpful colors to use in landscape and animal (fur texture) paintings. These minerals fall within the brown section of Daniel Smith's color chart, which seems accurate as even the darkest valued one (Hematite Genuine) is still quite warm leaning for a near-black.
Mineral Daniel Smith Watercolor Hematite Burnt Scarlet Genuine Color Granulating Art Pigment Database Swatch Card Mineral Daniel Smith Watercolor Hematite Violet Genuine Color Granulating Art Pigment Database Swatch Card Mineral Daniel Smith Watercolor Hematite Genuine Color Granulating Art Pigment Database Swatch Card

 

Minnesota Pipestone: A rare mineral.
Mineral Daniel Smith Watercolor Minnesota Pipestone swatch pigment granulating vibrant

 

Piemontite Genuine: A rare mineral.
Mineral Daniel Smith Watercolor Piemontite Genuine swatch pigment granulating vibrant

 

Sicklerite Genuine: A rare mineral.
Mineral Daniel Smith Sicklerite Genuine pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database

 

Tigers Eye Genuine: This lightfast, granulating brown is made from a natural mineral rarely used in paint making. It can be hard to rewet, requiring extra scrubbing when dried in a pan. Tigers Eye Genuine is capable of subtle color separation, it has a lighter pale brown element that separates out from speckles of darker brown in wet washes. When dried in a pan these different colors can separate out into sedimentary layers, like shells of varying browns. This can result in getting a different color each time you scrub a dry layer with a wet brush.

Tigers eye genuine watercolor daniel smith hard to rewet scrubbing activate wet brush tube pan

Below you can see that the heat treated variant, "Burnt Tigers Eye Genuine" is very dark. Some layers of standard "Tigers Eye Genuine" can also appear very dark, but when used fresh from the tube this paint normally appears to be a notably lighter brown than the burnt version:

Burnt Tigers Eye Genuine daniel smith watercolor granulating brown paint mineral primatek Tigers Eye genuine mineral watercolor daniel smith extra fine color chart Daniel smith tigers eye genuine watercolor mineral pigment brown paint swatch card color chart primatek

 

Yavapai Genuine: Natural Red Iron Oxide mineral made from Arizona rocks. Lightfast, minorly granulating. Not particularly unique or useful compared to easier to find or more affordable earth browns.
Daniel Smith Yavapai Genuine Granulate Mineral Gem Stone Pigment Database Swatch Card

 

 

Swatch card template available for download here, or get the rubber stamp here. Swatch cards were painted on Legion Black or Arches Cold Press 100% cotton watercolor paper. Paper and brushes are available at Jackson's or Amazon here:

 

 

 

OR

 

https://www.dickblick.com

 

Where to buy art supplies shown on this page:

 

The following affiliate links are to places I have purchased my art materials. When available I'll include multiple reputable stores so you can compare and decide where you'd like to shop. Dick Blick ("DB" links below) is a large art supply chain store here in the USA that ships worldwide. Jackson's ("Jack" links below) is a great UK based art supply store which also ships worldwide, but carries some harder to find European products with quick low cost shipping to the USA. Amazon USA ("Ama" links below) often offers unique brands, including small business and Chinese off brand watercolor sets, that can not be found anywhere else. As an Amazon associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.

 

Arches 100% cotton cold press 140# watercolor paper is one of the most durable surfaces for technical pen, scrubbing and lifting. It's surface sizing (coating) and texture is a good middle ground compared to the extremes of different brands. Due to these traits, and it being around for long enough to be the most commonly recommended paper for professionals, all of my swatches are done on this paper for consistency. Only white (and mica paints that do not show up on white) use the Legion Black paper instead. I buy my arches paper at Blick, and if you are in the USA this is likely the most affordable place to buy it: https://shrsl.com/2765w

 

Alpha by brand shopping directory:

 

Daniel Smith watercolors -- available on DB, Jack or Ama.
Rembrandt watercolors -- available on DB in Pans or TubesJack or Ama.
Rosa Gallery can be found through the following links: 12 set, 24 set, 21 pans in tin, 28 pans in tin, and if none of those sellers are still active or ship to your country you can try the manufacturers website here

 

Interested in other ways to help this project? Visit me at Kimberly Crick Art on YouTube or Patreon. If you have supplies that you would like to donate, such as watercolor dot cards or samples from your company that you would like reviewed or displayed in this pigment directory, please email me at enchantedgallery@gmail.com or use the contact form with details. Thank you :)

 

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