YELLOW Art Supply Pigment Database Watercolor Acrylic Ink Pencil Color Chart Swatch

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Artist reference guide to Yellow pigments in art supplies. Color chart swatch cards of common pigments in watercolor, acrylic paint, inks and pencils. Includes lightfast or fugitive information, index by pigment number code, brand, manufacturer color name, how the color appears in masstone (full strength) or diluted (with water). Each image displays opacity, lifting (erasing with a damp brush), layering (testing the value limit of masstone by glazing a second coat after the first has dried). The largest area shows how smooth of a gradient you can achieve in a wet wash as well as a salt reaction test for confirming color separation, particle size or binder issues.

 

PY1 , PY3 , PY14 , PY17 , PY35 , PY37PY40 , PY42 , PY43 , PY47 , PY53 , PY65 , PY74 , PY81 , PY83 , PY97 , PY109 , PY110 , PY119 , PY128 , PY129 , PY139 , PY150 , PY151 , PY153 , PY154 , PY159 , PY164 , PY174 , PY175 , PY183 , PY184 , PY216 , PY227 , SY33 Goethite - see PY43

 

Grayscale swatch card information panel

 

PY1 Hansa Yellow G:  Fugitive (LFV / BW5). While still common in student and bargain price paints, this pigment has been removed from most professional paints. White Nights was one of the last major brands to remove this ingredient from their line, replacing it with the more stable PY154. Hansa Yellow G was first synthesized & produced in Germany in 1911. Transparent, slightly staining, good mid-yellow for primary mixing study. Non-hazardous.

PY1 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Yellow Light Swatch Card Color Chart 

PY1 Mixtures:

PY1 PO13 Arrtx Gouache Medium Yellow Color Pigment Database Paint PY1 PG7 Arrtx Gouache Green Frequency Color Pigment Database Paint PY1 PG7 PW6 Arrtx Gouache Maldives Color Pigment Database Paint PG17 PY1 PBk7 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Olive Green Pigment Database Color Chart Swatch Card 

PY3 Hansa Yellow 10G: While typically lightfast, there have been batch to batch issues with fading even in respectable pro grades like Golden/Qor. In their studies they have found that PY3 varies in UV stability, varying wildly both by brand and by each ingredient batch. Also known as Lemon Yellow or Hansa Yellow Light. Typically lightfast (LF II / BW 7) but there have been instances of LFIII-IV results. Because of the unreliable nature of this paint, it's good to test each new tube you purchase. I will be posting my test results in the future, but have temporarily switched to the slightly more opaque lemon yellow PY175. An even brighter, non-toxic hue alternative to Cadmium PY35 could also be PY184 if you are seeking additional options. PY1 Hansa Yellow 10G has origins dating back to the early 1900's in Germany, and was intended to be a replacement for the Cadmium yellows used at that time, non-hazardous. 
PY3 Shinhan Korean Color A Yellow Light Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY3 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Permanent Lemon Yellow Swatch Card Color Chart PY3 Schmincke Aqua Drop Lemon Yellow Watercolor Swatch Card PY3 Arrtx Gouache Lemon Yellow Color Pigment Database Paint PY3 Daler Rowney Aquafine INK Lemon Yellow Pigment Database Student PY3 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cadmium Yellow Light Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic

 

PY3 Mixtures:
PY3 PO64 PW6 White Nights Watercolor Peach PY3 PY150 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor French Ochre Art Pigment Database PY65 PY3 Grumbacher Academy Cadmium Yellow Deep Hue Watercolor Swatch Card PB16 PY3 Utrecht Watercolor Turquoise Green Art Pigment Database PY3 PG7 PG19 PW18 Shinhan Korean Color A Opal Green Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PW6 PY3 PY74 PG7 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Brilliant Yellow Green color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PY3 PY37 PG7 Shinhan Korean Color A Green Light Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB15:3 PY3 PG7 Shinhan Korean Color A Blue Green Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY150 PO48 PG36 PY3 Daniel Smith Watercolor Hooker's Green Art Pigment Database PG36 PY3 PY150 Daniel Smith Watercolor Green Gold Art Pigment Database PY3 PBr7 Shinhan Korean Color A Greenish Yellow Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB27 daniel smith deep sap green watercolor swatch prussian blue lightfast test 

 

PY14 Diarylide Yellow AAOT:

 

PY14 Mixtures:
PY14 PW6 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Anise Watercolor Swatch Card PO16 PY14 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Papaya Watercolor Swatch Card PO13 PY14 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Orange Watercolor Swatch Card PY14 PW6 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Lemon Watercolor Swatch Card

 

PY17 Diarylide Yellow 17:

 

PY17 Mixtures:
PG7 PG8 PY17 Shinhan Korean Color A Sap Green Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PG7 PG8 PY17 Shinhan Korean Color A Green Dark Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PY35 Cadmium Yellow:
PY35 Schmincke Horadam Cadmium Light Yellow Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY35 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Cadmium Yellow Lemon pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PY35 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Cadmium Lemon Swatch Card PY35 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Cadmium Lemon Handprint Art Pigment Swatch Color Chart PY35 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Cadmium Yellow Lemon Pigment Database Color Chart PY35 Schmincke Horadam Cadmium Light Yellow Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY35 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Cadmium Yellow Light Handprint Art Pigment Swatch Color Chart PY35 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Cadmium Yellow Pale Swatch Card PY35 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Cadmium Yellow Medium Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PY35 Mixtures:
PY35 PO20 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Cadmium Yellow Pigment Swatch Card PO20 PY35 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Cadmium Yellow Deep Handprint Pigment Swatch Color Chart PY35 PR108 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Cadmium Yellow Deep Color Chart PY35 PR108 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Cadmium Orange Pigment Color Chart PO20 PY35 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Cadmium Orange Handprint Art Pigment Swatch Color Chart

 

PY37 Cadmium Yellow:

PY37 Utrecht Watercolor Cadmium Yellow Light Pure Art Pigment Database 

PY37 Mixtures:
PY3 PY37 PG7 Shinhan Korean Color A Green Light Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PY40 Aureoline: Also called Cobalt Yellow or Aureolin. This pigment has a LFII rating, and is more stable in oil or acrylic binder than it is in watercolor form. Avoid this pigment in watercolor paints, it is fugitive.The color not only fades, but over the course of a year my lightfast test for Daniel Smith's Cobalt Yellow (Aureolin) has started to discolor towards a dirty grayish brown hue.

 

PY40 Aureolin Cobalt Yellow Lightfast test fugitive fading discolor watercolor pigments to avoid

 

PY40 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Aureolin Fugitive LFII Fading Lightfast Test

 

PY40 Mixtures:

 

PY42 Yellow Iron Oxide:
PY42 Winsor and Newton Professional Gold Ochre Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY42 Turner Watercolor Transparent Yellow Oxide Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PY42 Schmincke Horadam Transparent Ochre Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY42 Daniel Smith Watercolor Raw Sienna Light pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PY42 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Yellow Ochre Swatch Card Color Chart PY42 Daniel Smith Watercolor Transparent Yellow Oxide pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PY42 Daniel Smith Watercolor Mars Yellow pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PY42 Da Vinci Watercolor Raw Sienna Deep Art Pigment Database PY42 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Yellow Oxide color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic

 

PY42 Mixtures:

PY42 PW6 Arrtx Gouache Naples Yellow Color Pigment Database Paint PY42 PR101 Winsor and Newton Professional Raw Sienna Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY151 PY42 PR264 Rosa Gallery Quin Gold Watercolor Paint Pigment Database Handprint Color Chart PY43 PY42 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Yellow Ochre Art of Pigment Handprint Database Color Chart Swatch Card PY42 PY150 Mission Gold Watercolor Yellow Ochre Number One Art Pigment Database PY150 PY42 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Light Yellow Ochre Art Pigment Database PB15:1 PY42 PW6 Arrtx Gouache Cloud Peninnah Color Pigment Database Paint PY42 PG7 Arrtx Gouache Turquoise Color Pigment Database Paint PY42 PG7 PBk7 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Hooker's Green Lake Deep Extra swatch pigment dark paint art pro grade PG7 PY42 Da Vinci Watercolor Hooker's Green Light Art Pigment Database PY153 PY151 PG7 PY42 PBk7 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Sap Green pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PBk7 PG7 PY42 Calli Sennelier Watercolor Forest Green pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PY42 PB15 PR101 Turner Watercolor Evergreen Color Pigment Database Swatch Card PW6 PY42 PY83 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Naples Yellow Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PY42 PBr7 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Raw Sienna Handprint Pigment Database Color Chart Swatch Card PY42 PBk11 PR101 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Bronze Yellow color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PY42 PBK8 PW6 PETERSBURG OCHRE WHITE NIGHTS WATERCOLOR PAINT PIGMENT SWATCH CARD PY42 PR101 PBk7 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Mars Brown handprint database color chart Pigment py42 pr101 pbk9 Old Holland Vandyck Brown Cassel Extra watercolor paint granulating color separation PBk7 PY42 Arrtx Gouache Burnt Umber Color Pigment Database Paint PB29 PY42 PBk9 Daniel Smith Watercolor Payne's Gray pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PY42 PBk9 PW6 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Neutral Gray Value 5 color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic  PW6 PY42 PBk11 PR101 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Unbleached Titanium color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic 

 

PY43 Natural Yellow Iron Oxide:
PY43 Daniel Smith Watercolor Verona Gold Ochre Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card PY43 Winsor and Newton Professional Yellow Ochre Light Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY43 Winsor and Newton Professional Yellow Ochre Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY43 Prima Tube Yellow Ochre Swatch Card PY43 Daniel Smith Watercolor Burgundy Yellow Ochre pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PY43 Daniel Smith Watercolor Yellow Ochre pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PY43 Daniel Smith Watercolor Italian Deep Ochre pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PY43 Daniel Smith Watercolor French Ochre pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PY43 Turner Watercolor Yellow Ochre Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PY43 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Yellow Ochre Light swatch pigment dark paint art pro grade 
Goethite: A yellow ochre earth pigment also called "brown ochre". Daniel Smith watercolors have carried this pigment for many years and claim it to be a form of PY43. Roman Szmal added this color to their catalog in 2020 with the note "Pbr?" as if they were uncertain. At this time it is grouped with PY43 with Daniel Smith's version. This pigment is lightfast, granulating and has minor color separation in wet washes. Particularly suited for sandy beaches and landscapes, it's also a pleasant mixing color for natural greens when paired with pigments like Ultramarine or Phthalo Blues. 
PY43 Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Goethite Color Swatch Granulating PY43 Daniel Smith Watercolor Goethite Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card

 

PY43 Mixtures:

PY43 PY42 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Yellow Ochre Art of Pigment Handprint Database Color Chart Swatch Card 

PY47 Lead Titanate: *Note: This toxic, lead based, pigment is extremely unlikely to have been used in the following Prima Confetti mixture. It's more likely that their product has a typo on it. Prima / Art Philosophy brand has many of their products made from them overseas in China or Korea and have notoriously suffered from typos and mistakes on their labels.

 

PY47 Mixtures:
PO34 PY47 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Marigold Watercolor Swatch Card

 

PY53 Nickel Antimony Titanium Yellow Rutile:
A lightfast pale lemon yellow that ranges from opaque to semi opaque. Not ideal for layering/glazing. Fairly weak in mixtures, it easily dilutes from it's opaque state with the addition of too much binder or water, resulting in a milky yellow with a subtle chalk-like appearance. I prefer PY175 as an alternative to the toxic Cadmium Yellow PY35 for the bright cool yellow slot on my personal palette.
PY53 Pigment Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Lemon Yellow Nickel Titianate PY53 Daler Rowney Professional Watercolor Nickel Titanate Yellow Pigment Database Color Chart

 

PY53 Mixtures:

PW4 PY53 PO34 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Naples Yellow Reddish Extra pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PBr7 PB29 PY53 Daniel Smith Watercolor Olive Green Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card 

PY65 Hansa Yellow 65:

PY65 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Winsor Yellow Deep Hansa Swatch Pigment Database 

PY65 Mixtures:

PY65 PY3 Grumbacher Academy Cadmium Yellow Deep Hue Watercolor Swatch Card PY65 PB15:6 PR101 Winsor and Newton Professional Olive Green Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY150 PG36 PY65 Mission Gold Watercolor Greenish Yellow Art Pigment Database PY65 PBr41 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Gold Brown Pigment Database Swatch Card

 

PY74 Arylide Yellow 5GX:

PY74 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Primary Yellow color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PY74 Sennelier Professional Watercolor Primary Yellow Pigment Database Color Chart PY74 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Schev Yellow Light pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional 

PY74 Mixtures:

PY74 PW6 Jo Sonja's Matte Fluid Acrylic Yellow Light chroma opaque flow vibrant pigment swatch card database PY74 PY83 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cadmium Yellow Medium Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PY74 PY83 Daler Rowney Aquafine INK Cadmium Yellow Hue Pigment Database Student PBk7 PY74 PW6 Daler Rowney Aquafine INK Yellow Ochre Pigment Database Student PY74 PO73 Jo Sonja's Matte Fluid Acrylic Yellow Orange chroma opaque flow vibrant pigment swatch card database PY74 PR9 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cadmium Red Light Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PR112 PY74 Calli Daler Rowney CALLIGRAPHY INK Scarlet pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PW6 PO73 PY74 PR170 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Light Portrait Pink color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic  PW6 PY3 PY74 PG7 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Brilliant Yellow Green color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PW6 PY74 PG7 Jo Sonja's Matte Fluid Acrylic Yellow Green chroma opaque flow vibrant pigment swatch card database PG36 PY74 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Yellow Green Swatch Card Color Chart PG7 PY74 PW6 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Light Green Permanent color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PG7 PBk9 PY74 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Hooker's Green Hue Permanent color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PG7 PBr7 PY74 Jo Sonja's Matte Fluid Acrylic Pine Green chroma opaque flow vibrant pigment swatch card database PR112 PY74 PG7 Calli Daler Rowney CALLIGRAPHY INK Brown pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database

 

PY81 Diarylide Yellow H10G:

 

PY81 Mixtures:
PY81 PW6 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Yellow Watercolor Swatch Card

 

PY83 Diarylide Yellow HR:
PY83 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cadmium Yellow Deep Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PY83 Shinhan Korean Color A Yellow Deep Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY83 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Indian Yellow Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PY83 Mixtures:
PY74 PY83 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cadmium Yellow Medium Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PY74 PY83 Daler Rowney Aquafine INK Cadmium Yellow Hue Pigment Database Student PBk7 PY83 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Sand Watercolor Swatch Card PY83 PG7 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Lime Green Watercolor Swatch Card PY83 PG7 PO13 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Moss Watercolor Swatch Card PW6 PY42 PY83 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Naples Yellow Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PY83 PO13 PBk7 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Brown Watercolor Swatch Card

 

PY97 Diarylide Yellow FGL:

PY97 Maimeri Blu Watercolor Swatch 2016 Primary Yellow database pigment hue color vibrant opaque 

PY97 Mixtures:
PV19 PY97 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Rose Dore Color Chart Swatch Card PB15:4 PY153 PBk6 PY97 Blick Artists Watercolor Hooker's Green Deep Art Pigment Database

 

PY109 Isoindole Yellow:

PY109 and PY110 are deep yellows often used for "Indian Yellow" or "Gamboge" named paints. Some brands have texture issues. This pigment can be gritty and repel water in watercolor pans. It can be a difficult pigment to mull for handmade watercolors. Lightfast. 

PY109 Mixtures:
PY150 PY110 PY109 Turner Watercolor Permanent Gamboge Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PY109 PY110 PY150 Turner Watercolor Indian Yellow Art Pigment Database

 

PY110 Isoindolinone Yellow:

PY110 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Yellow Orange Pigment Database Handprint Swatch PY110 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Golden Yellow Handprint Art Pigment Swatch Color Chart PY110 Holbein ACRYLIC INK Isoindolinone Yellow pigment swatch card color colour database

PY110 Mixtures:
PY150 PY154 PY110 Holbein Watercolor Gamboge Nova Art Pigment Database PY150 PY110 PY109 Turner Watercolor Permanent Gamboge Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PY109 PY110 PY150 Turner Watercolor Indian Yellow Art Pigment Database PG36 PY110 Winsor and Newton Professional Permanent Sap Green Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY110 PG36 Winsor and Newton Professional Hooker's Green Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PG7 PY110 PY150 Holbein Watercolor Hooker's Green Art Pigment Database PY110 PG7 PBk6 Rosa Gallery Sap Green Watercolor Paint Pigment Database Handprint Color Chart PG36 PY110 Turner Watercolor Sap Green Color Pigment Database Swatch Card

 

PY119 Zinc Iron Yellow:
Lightfast red-brown (looks similar to burnt sienna browns or terra cotta pottery). It can be very granulating when coarse pigment is used (Winsor and Newton) and very smooth when finely ground as seen in Schmincke and Shinhan (Korean Color, a Gansai hide-glue style watercolor) versions. I enjoy Winsor and Newton's Magnesium Brown as a slightly more yellow option compared to the very similar PBr11 (see Roman Szmal Aquarius Brown and Daniel Smith's Lunar Earth). PBr11 has even larger particles with more active granulation, so look to PY119 when you want a more subtle option. Recommended pigment (OR PBr11) as discussed on my top lightfast palette choices page. Particularly useful in color separating mixtures, where the flecks of red-brown sink in wet washes while most other pigments disperse further. Mixed with a transparent green (or a combination of PY150 Nickel Azo Yellow and PB15 Phthalo Blue) you can replicate the appearance of Daniel Smith's rare mineral pigments like Serpentine and Green Apatite (see green section).
PY119 Shinhan Korean Color Watercolor Raw Sienna Pigment Database Color Chart PY119 Schmincke Horadam Spinel Brown Watercolor color separating granulating swatch database pigment PY119 Winsor & Newton Pro Color Watercolor Magnesium Brown Pigment Database Color Chart 

 

PY128 Azo Condensation Yellow: Lightfast. Staining. Also see PY129.
PY128 Van Gogh Watercolor Transparent Yellow Medium Pigment Database Color Chart 

 

PY128 Mixtures:

PY128 PY129 Prima Tube Greenish Yellow Swatch Card 

PY129 Irgazin Yellow:
Lightfast, staining, high chroma, strong in mixtures similar to PY150 Nickel Azo Yellow. PY128 and PY129 can be called "Green Gold" in some paint brands. This color is lovely, helpful in botanical art particularly when mixed with Phthalo Greens or Blues or more natural looking sunlit greens. However, this color is not necessary on a palette due to the ease in which PY150 replaces it in mixtures and can easily replicate both PY128 and PY129 in hue when mixed with a touch of PG7 and any brown (see Sennelier and Holbein's PY150 mixtures).
PY129 White Nights Watercolor Irgazin Yellow PY129 Winsor and Newton Professional Green Gold Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY129 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Brown Green Art Pigment Database PY129 Daniel Smith Watercolor Rich Green Gold Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card PY129 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Golden Green swatch pigment dark paint art pro grade

 

PY129 Mixtures:

PY129 PB60 PG7 PBr7 PR101 Old Holland Classic Watercolor Olive Green Dark pigment swatch database card color separation swatch PY128 PY129 Prima Tube Greenish Yellow Swatch Card 

 

PY138 Quinophthalone Yellow:
PY138 Daler Rowney Professional Watercolor Permanent Yellow Pigment Database Color Chart

 

PY138 Mixtures:

 

PY139 Isoindoline Yellow:

PY139 Maimeri Blu Watercolor Swatch Gamboge Hue database pigment hue color vibrant opaque 

PY139 Mixtures:
PO62 PY139 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Indian Yellow Swatch Card Database Handprint Jane Blundell Art of Pigment 

 

PY150 Nickel Azo Yellow:
Highly recommended pigment (see top colors list for what is in my palette here). One of the only truly transparent and lightfast yellow pigments available. This yellow is staining and ideal for layering/glazing mixtures. It has an amazing value range spanning from a borderline-brown honeycomb color to a brighter mid-yellow when diluted. Makes realistic floral greens when mixed with Phthalo Blue or Green. Commonly mixed with PO48 to make a "Quin Gold" color, a hue replacement for the discontinued PO49 color that went out of production years ago. May have minor toxicity and possible allergic reactions for those sensitive to Nickel as a heavy metal. This should not be a problem unless you soak in or ingest these paints.

 

Mission gold watercolor green gold py150 color changing problem pigment paint

 

Brand notes: Most brands are very similar, only varying minorly in pigment load which makes them appear more or less brown, but they dilute to a similar lighter yellow. However I have noticed an oddity in Mission Gold where my swatches checked about 6 months to a year later have started to shift towards green. I would have assumed this was a fluke, if it weren't for Denise Soden of In Liquid Color confirming the same experience in her PY150 YouTube video. Because of that I would avoid Mission Gold's version for professional art. All of my other brand's swatches have retained their original color. Watercolor brands not shown below: M. Graham's version is strong, but slightly prone to streakiness due to the dense honey formula. Rembrandt's version is slightly weak, making it hard to achieve a deep masstone similar to W&N in a dry pan.

 

 

winsor and newton professional watercolor py150 transparent yellow nickel azo swatch PY150 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Transparent Yellow Art Pigment Database PY150 White Nights Watercolor Indian Yellow Art Pigment Database PY150 Daniel Smith Watercolor Nickel Azo Yellow Art Pigment Database PY150 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Yellow Lake Art Pigment Database PY150 Mission Gold Watercolor Green Gold Art Pigment Database PY150 Qor Watercolor Nickel Azo Yellow Art Pigment Database PY150 Mission Gold Watercolor Green Gold Art Pigment Database PY150 Paul Rubens Watercolor Nickel Yellow Art Pigment Database PY150 Utrecht Watercolor Burnt Yellow Art Pigment Database PY150 Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor nickel Azo Yellow Art Pigment Database

 

PY150 Mixtures:
PY150 PY175 PY154 Holbein Watercolor Aureolin Hue Art Pigment Database PY150 PY154 PY110 Holbein Watercolor Gamboge Nova Art Pigment Database PR206 PV19 PY150 Winsor and Newton Professional Quinacridone Gold Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY3 PY150 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor French Ochre Art Pigment Database PR101 PY150 PR206 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Quinacridone Gold Art Pigment Database PY150 PY42 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Light Yellow Ochre Art Pigment Database PY42 PY150 Mission Gold Watercolor Yellow Ochre Number One Art Pigment Database PY150 PY110 PY109 Turner Watercolor Permanent Gamboge Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PY150 PR209 Pigment Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor New Gamboge Color Database PY109 PY110 PY150 Turner Watercolor Indian Yellow Art Pigment Database PO48 PY150 Holbein Watercolor Quinacridone Gold Art Pigment Database PO48 PY150 Daniel Smith Watercolor Quinacridone Gold Art Pigment Database PY150 PO48 M Graham Watercolor Nickel Quinacridone Gold Art Pigment Database PY150 PR101 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Quinacridone Gold Hue Art Pigment Database PO48 PY150 Daniel Smith Watercolor Quinacridone Deep Gold Art Pigment Database PO48 PY150 PR209 Daniel Smith Watercolor Quinacridone Sienna Art Pigment Database PY150 PR206 Da Vinci Watercolor Quinacridone Gold Art Pigment Database PY150 PR206 American Journey Cheap Joe's Watercolor Quinacridone Gold Deep Art Pigment Database PO48 PY150 Qor Watercolor Quinacridone Gold Art Pigment Database PY150 PR209 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Chinese Orange Art Pigment Database PY150 PR254 Mission Gold Watercolor Autumn Red Art Pigment Database PY150 PG7 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Brown Pink Art Pigment Database PY150 PBr25 PG7 Holbein Watercolor Greenish Yellow Art Pigment Database PY150 PG36 PY65 Mission Gold Watercolor Greenish Yellow Art Pigment Database PG36 PY3 PY150 Daniel Smith Watercolor Green Gold Art Pigment Database PG36 PY150 Mission Gold Watercolor Sap Green Art Pigment Database PY150 PO48 PG36 PY3 Daniel Smith Watercolor Hooker's Green Art Pigment Database PG7 PY110 PY150 Holbein Watercolor Hooker's Green Art Pigment Database PG36 PBr25 PY150 Mission Gold Watercolor Hooker's Green Art Pigment Database PO48 PG7 PY150 Daniel Smith Watercolor Sap Green Art Pigment Database PY150 PG36 PBr23 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Olive Green Art Pigment Database PG36 PY150 PR112 Mission Gold Watercolor Olive Green Art Pigment Database PY150 PG7 PBr25 Holbein Watercolor Olive Green Art Pigment Database PY150 PO48 PB29 Daniel Smith Watercolor Undersea Green Art Pigment Database PBr25 PR112 PY150 Mission Gold Watercolor Light Red Art Pigment Database PBr25 PBY150 PR112 Mission Gold Watercolor Burnt Sienna Art Pigment Database PBr25 PBY150 PR112 Mission Gold Watercolor Burnt Sienna Art Pigment Database PY150 PBr7 PBk7 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Vandyke Brown Art Pigment Database

 

PY151 Benzimidazolone Yellow H4G:

PY151 Daniel Smith Watercolor Azo Yellow Pigment Database Color Chart 

PY151 Mixtures:

PY153 PY151 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Gamboge Lake Extra pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PY151 PY42 PR264 Rosa Gallery Quin Gold Watercolor Paint Pigment Database Handprint Color Chart PY153 PY151 PR177 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Red Gold Lake pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PY151 PG7 PW6 WHITE NIGHTS WATERCOLOR WARM GREEN PASTEL SWATCH CARD COLOR CHART PY151 PG7 Rosa Gallery Bright Green Watercolor Paint Pigment Database Handprint Color Chart PY153 PY151 PG7 PY42 PBk7 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Sap Green pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional 

PY153 Nickel Dioxime Yellow:

PY153 Sennelier Professional Watercolor Sennelier Yellow Light Pigment Database Color Chart 

PY153 Mixtures:
PY153 PY151 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Gamboge Lake Extra pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PY153 PY151 PR177 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Red Gold Lake pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PB15:4 PY153 PBk6 PY97 Blick Artists Watercolor Hooker's Green Deep Art Pigment Database PY153 PY151 PG7 PY42 PBk7 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Sap Green pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional 

 

 

PY154 Benzimidazolone Yellow 154:
PY154 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Winsor Yellow Swatch Card PY154 Turner Watercolor Permanent Yellow Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PY154 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Pure Yellow Pigment Database Color Chart PY154 Schmincke Horadam Gouache Cadmium Yellow Hue Art Pigment Database

 

PY154 Mixtures:

PY150 PY175 PY154 Holbein Watercolor Aureolin Hue Art Pigment Database PY150 PY154 PY110 Holbein Watercolor Gamboge Nova Art Pigment Database 

PY159 Zirconium Praesodymium Silicate Yellow:
PY159 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Lemon Yellow Deep Swatch Card

 

PY159 Mixtures:

 

PY164 Manganese Antimony Titanium Buff Rutile:
PY164 Maimeri Blu Watercolor Swatch Sepia database pigment hue color vibrant opaque

 

PY164 Mixtures:

 

PY174 Irgalite Yellow LBT:

 

PY174 Mixtures:
PR170 PY174 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cadmium Red Medium Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic

 

PY175 Benzimidazolone Yellow H6G: Lightfast, semi-transparent. Hue can vary from a very vibrant lemon yellow suitable for replacing the more toxic Cadmium Yellows, to a more dull banana yellow. RECOMMENDED PIGMENT: Winsor and Newton as well as Holbein make bright versions, ideal as a cool lemon primary mixing yellow (see my palette list here). I did not enjoy the dull versions by Daniel Smith and Schmincke. More transparent than PY184, another common choice for a cool yellow primary option. 
PY175 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Winsor Lemon Yellow Swatch Card PY175 Lukas Pro Watercolor Aureolin Hue Pigment Database Color Chart PY175 Winsor & Newton Watercolor Winsor Lemon Pigment Database Color Chart PY175 Holbein Watercolor Imidazolone Lemon Pigment Database Color Chart PY175 Daniel Smith Watercolor Lemon Yellow Pigment Database Color Chart PY175 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Chromium Yellow Hue Lemon Pigment Database Color Chart PY175 Maimeri Blu Watercolor Swatch Permanent Yellow Lemon database pigment hue color vibrant opaque

 

PY175 Mixtures:

PY150 PY175 PY154 Holbein Watercolor Aureolin Hue Art Pigment Database 

PY183 Paliotol Yellow K227:
PY183 Maimeri Blu Watercolor Swatch Golden Yellow database pigment hue color vibrant opaque

 

PY183 Mixtures:

 

PY184 Bismuth Vanadate Yellow:
Lightfast. Sometimes used as a cool lemon yellow primary mixing color, as it is a non-toxic alternative to Cadmium Yellow. However, its opacity makes it less desirable for layering/glazing in watercolor.
PY184 Pigment Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Bismuth Yellow Swatch PY184 Daniel Smith Watercolor Bismuth Vandate Pigment Database Color Chart PY184 Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Bismuth Yellow Pigment Database Color Chart

 

PY184 Mixtures:

 

PY216 Solaplex Yellow:
Lightfast. Rare pigment offered by just a handful of major watercolor manufacturers. Similar to the warm reddish yellow ochre of PBr24. Opaque. 
PY216 Winsor and Newton Professional Watercolor Turners Yellow Rutile Solaplex Pigment Database PY216 Schmincke Horadam Turner's Yellow Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PY216 Utrecht Watercolor English Yellow Art Pigment Database

 

PY216 Mixtures:

 

PY227 NTP Yellow:
PY227 Maimeri Blu Watercolor Swatch Permanent Yellow Deep database pigment hue color vibrant opaque

 

PY227 Mixtures:

 

SY33:
Rare pigment labeled as solvent based only offered by Turner Japan. I would avoid it. Initial tests show this pigment fades over time in addition to it being a very unfortunate texture. It appears to be very binder heavy and gelatin-like (Jello?) which can be very hard to control with a wet brush.
SY33 Turner Watercolor Maya Yellow Color Solvent Pigment Database Swatch Card

 

 

 

Swatch card template available for download here, or get the rubber stamp here. Swatch cards were painted on Legion Black or Arches Cold Press 100% cotton watercolor paper. Paper and brushes are available at Jackson's or Amazon here:

 

 

 

OR

 

https://www.dickblick.com

 

Where to buy art supplies shown on this page:

 

The following affiliate links are to places I have purchased my art materials. When available I'll include multiple reputable stores so you can compare and decide where you'd like to shop. Dick Blick ("DB" links below) is a large art supply chain store here in the USA that ships worldwide. Jackson's ("Jack" links below) is a great UK based art supply store which also ships worldwide, but carries some harder to find European products with quick low cost shipping to the USA. Amazon USA ("Ama" links below) often offers unique brands, including small business and Chinese off brand watercolor sets, that can not be found anywhere else. As an Amazon associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.

 

Arches 100% cotton cold press 140# watercolor paper is one of the most durable surfaces for technical pen, scrubbing and lifting. It's surface sizing (coating) and texture is a good middle ground compared to the extremes of different brands. Due to these traits, and it being around for long enough to be the most commonly recommended paper for professionals, all of my swatches are done on this paper for consistency. Only white (and mica paints that do not show up on white) use the Legion Black paper instead. I buy my arches paper at Blick, and if you are in the USA this is likely the most affordable place to buy it: https://shrsl.com/2765w

 

Alpha by brand shopping directory: (in progress)

 

Daniel Smith watercolors -- available on DB, Jack or Ama.
Rembrandt watercolors -- available on DB in Pans or TubesJack or Ama.
Rosa Gallery can usually be found at Etsy.com for the USA and ArtMiranda Spain.

 

Interested in other ways to help this project? Visit me at Kimberly Crick Art on YouTube or Patreon. If you have supplies that you would like to donate, such as watercolor dot cards or samples from your company that you would like reviewed or displayed in this pigment directory, please email me at enchantedgallery@gmail.com or use the contact form with details. Thank you :)

 

Pigment directory index yellow navigation dictionary Pigment directory index orange navigation dictionary Pigment directory index red navigation dictionary Pigment directory index violet navigation dictionary Pigment directory index blue navigation dictionary Pigment directory index green navigation dictionary Pigment directory index brown navigation dictionary Pigment directory index black navigation dictionary Pigment directory index white mica metallic navigation dictionary Pigment directory index dye based ink navigation dictionary

 

Lightfast Tests and Art Supply Reviews Pigment Database