Currently shipping within the USA only. All orders ship out within 3-7 business days via USPS ($3.50-$6.95 based on order total)
YELLOW Art Supply Pigment Database Watercolor Acrylic Ink Pencil Color Chart Swatch
Artist reference guide to Yellow pigments in art supplies. Color chart swatch cards of common pigments in watercolor, acrylic paint, inks and pencils. Includes lightfast or fugitive information, index by pigment number code, brand, manufacturer color name, how the color appears in masstone (full strength) or diluted (with water). Each image displays opacity, lifting (erasing with a damp brush), layering (testing the value limit of masstone by glazing a second coat after the first has dried). The largest area shows how smooth of a gradient you can achieve in a wet wash as well as a salt reaction test for confirming color separation, particle size or binder issues.
PY1 Hansa Yellow G: Typically fugitive (LF V / BW 5). While still common in student and bargain price paints, this pigment has been removed from most professional paints. White Nights was one of the last major brands to remove this ingredient from their line, replacing it with the more stable PY154. Hansa Yellow G was first synthesized & produced in Germany in 1911. Transparent, slightly staining, good mid-yellow for primary mixing study. Non-hazardous.
PY3 Hansa Yellow 10G: While typically lightfast, there have been batch to batch issues with fading even in respectable pro grades like Golden/Qor. In their studies they have found that PY3 varies in UV stability, varying wildly both by brand and by each ingredient batch. Also known as Lemon Yellow or Hansa Yellow Light. Typically lightfast (LF II / BW 7) but there have been instances of LFIII-IV results. Because of the unreliable nature of this paint, it's good to test each new tube you purchase. I will be posting my test results in the future, but have temporarily switched to the slightly more opaque lemon yellow PY175. An even brighter, non-toxic hue alternative to Cadmium PY35 could also be PY184 if you are seeking additional options. PY1 Hansa Yellow 10G has origins dating back to the early 1900's in Germany, and was intended to be a replacement for the Cadmium yellows used at that time, non-hazardous.
PY14 Diarylide Yellow AAOT:
PY17 Diarylide Yellow 17:
PY35 Cadmium Yellow:
PY37 Cadmium Yellow:
PY40 Aureoline: Also called Cobalt Yellow or Aureolin. This pigment has a LFII rating, and is more stable in oil or acrylic binder than it is in watercolor form. Avoid this pigment in watercolor paints, it is fugitive.The color not only fades, but over the course of a year my lightfast test for Daniel Smith's Cobalt Yellow (Aureolin) has started to discolor towards a dirty grayish brown hue.
PY42 Yellow Iron Oxide:
PY43 Natural Yellow Iron Oxide:
PY47 Lead Titanate: *Note: This toxic, lead based, pigment is extremely unlikely to have been used in the following Prima Confetti mixture. It's more likely that their product has a typo on it.
PY53 Nickel Antimony Titanium Yellow Rutile:
PY65 Hansa Yellow 65:
PY74 Arylide Yellow 5GX:
PY81 Diarylide Yellow H10G:
PY83 Diarylide Yellow HR:
PY97 Diarylide Yellow FGL:
PY109 Isoindole Yellow:
PY110 Isoindolinone Yellow:
PY119 Zinc Iron Yellow:
PY128 Azo Condensation Yellow:
PY129 Irgazin Yellow:
PY139 Isoindoline Yellow:
PY150 Nickel Azo Yellow:
Highly recommended pigment (see top colors list for what is in my palette here). One of the only truly transparent and lightfast yellow pigments available. This yellow is staining and ideal for layering/glazing mixtures. It has an amazing value range spanning from a borderline-brown honeycomb color to a brighter mid-yellow when diluted. Makes realistic floral greens when mixed with Phthalo Blue or Green. Commonly mixed with PO48 to make a "Quin Gold" color, a hue replacement for the discontinued PO49 color that went out of production years ago. May have minor toxicity and possible allergic reactions for those sensitive to Nickel as a heavy metal. This should not be a problem unless you soak in or ingest these paints.
Brand notes: Most brands are very similar, only varying minorly in pigment load which makes them appear more or less brown, but they dilute to a similar lighter yellow. However I have noticed an oddity in Mission Gold where my swatches checked about 6 months to a year later have started to shift towards green. I would have assumed this was a fluke, if it weren't for Denise Soden of In Liquid Color confirming the same experience in her PY150 YouTube video. Because of that I would avoid Mission Gold's version for professional art. All of my other brand's swatches have retained their original color. Watercolor brands not shown below: M. Graham's version is strong, but slightly prone to streakiness due to the dense honey formula. Rembrandt's version is slightly weak, making it hard to achieve a deep masstone similar to W&N in a dry pan.
PY151 Benzimidazolone Yellow H4G:
PY153 Nickel Dioxime Yellow:
PY154 Benzimidazolone Yellow 154:
PY159 Zirconium Praesodymium Silicate Yellow:
PY175 Benzimidazolone Yellow H6G:
PY184 Bismuth Vanadate Yellow:
PY216 Solaplex Yellow:
Swatch card template available for download here, or get the rubber stamp here. Swatch cards were painted on Legion Black or Arches Cold Press 100% cotton watercolor paper. Paper and brushes are available at Jackson's or Amazon here:
Where to buy art supplies shown on this page:
The following affiliate links are to places I have purchased my art materials. When available I'll include multiple reputable stores so you can compare and decide where you'd like to shop. Dick Blick ("DB" links below) is a large art supply chain store here in the USA that ships worldwide. Jackson's ("Jack" links below) is a great UK based art supply store which also ships worldwide, but carries some harder to find European products with quick low cost shipping to the USA. Amazon USA ("Ama" links below) often offers unique brands, including small business and Chinese off brand watercolor sets, that can not be found anywhere else. As an Amazon associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.
Arches 100% cotton cold press 140# watercolor paper is one of the most durable surfaces for technical pen, scrubbing and lifting. It's surface sizing (coating) and texture is a good middle ground compared to the extremes of different brands. Due to these traits, and it being around for long enough to be the most commonly recommended paper for professionals, all of my swatches are done on this paper for consistency. Only white (and mica paints that do not show up on white) use the Legion Black paper instead. I buy my arches paper at Blick, and if you are in the USA this is likely the most affordable place to buy it: https://shrsl.com/2765w
Alpha by brand shopping directory: (in progress)
Daniel Smith watercolors -- available onDB,JackorAma.
Rosa Gallery can usually be found at Etsy.com for the USA and ArtMiranda Spain.
Interested in other ways to help this project? Visit me at Kimberly Crick Art on YouTubeor Patreon. If you have supplies that you would like to donate, such as watercolor dot cards or samples from your company that you would like reviewed or displayed in this pigment directory, please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org or use the contact form with details. Thank you :)