BLUE Art Supply Pigment Database Watercolor Acrylic Ink Pencil Color Chart Swatch

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Artist reference guide to Blue pigments in art supplies. Color chart swatch cards of common pigments in watercolor, acrylic paint, inks and pencils. Includes lightfast or fugitive information, index by pigment number code, brand, manufacturer color name, how the color appears in masstone (full strength) or diluted (with water). Each image displays opacity, lifting (erasing with a damp brush), and layering (glazing a second coat after the first has dried).

 

PB1 , PB15 , PB15:1 , PB15:2 , PB15:3 , PB15:4 , PB15:6 , PB16 , PB17 , PB27 , PB28 , PB29 , PB33 , PB35 , PB36 , PB60 , PB66 , PB72 , PB74 , PB82

Natural, antiquity, mineral or unique blue pigments: NB1 IndigoBlue Apatite Genuine , Kyanite Genuine , Lapis Lazuli , Palomar Turquoise , Sodalite Genuine , Sugalite , Vivianite, VB1 (Vat Blue 1), 

 

Grayscale swatch card information panel

 

PB1 Victoria Blue:
Rare. Fugitive. PB1 has been rated as ASTM LFIV (poor lightfastness) and noted as prone to darkening. Offered by White Nights (or Yarka St. Petersburg as imported by Jack Richeson in USA) as "Blue Lake" watercolor. Some designer gouache and pastels also include PB1 in mixtures.

 

White Nights Blue Lake PB1 pigment rare fugitive lightfast test result

  

PB15 Phthalocyanine Blue:
Phthalo Blue is a lightfast, strong blue (often overpowering in mixtures) ideal for use as a cyan primary mixing color. Phthalo Green and Blues (with the exception of PB16) are copper based with reported toxicity in fish/marine life. This pigment is naturally flocculating, being prone to extreme granulation unless ground very finely and processed with certain additives. Most brands offer the staining, very smooth, non-granulating version. You may see notable texture in paints using slightly larger particle pigment powders (coarse/not quite as finely ground) which results in an easier to lift color. This far less-staining sky-blue version is typically labeled as Manganese Blue Hue. This pigment comes in various shades, sometimes labeled as as Phthalo Blue "red shade" or "green shade". You may see further classifications of Phthalo Blue pigments with a colon/secondary number, but not all companies discern which type of Phthalo Blue they offer. The colon number is an indicator that a different type of salt was used in the lake dye process and paint makers only sometimes specify. The red shade version is a touch too close to my preferred Ultramarine Blue PB29 for me to find it necessary, but those searching for a more lightfast alternative to Prussian Blue may appreciate this color. Phthalo Blue is an extremely useful pigment, I use two of the green leaning versions in my palette = PB15 "Manganese Blue Hue" and PB15:3 "Green Shade", which I elaborate on in my top lightfast palette picks).

 

Manganese Blue hue daniel smith close match genuine pb33 pb15 phthalo blue replacement pigment

 

"Manganese Blue Hue" by Daniel Smith is the closest replica of discontinued PB33 (the old, no longer manufactured, toxic Manganese Blue Genuine) I have ever seen. It also has an unusual bonus of being able to be used as a UV reactive paint which glows under black light. There is a clear/invisible optical brightener/fluorescent dye in this color that does not change the lightfastness of the underlying blue in normal light. I have not found this "glow" effect (refracting UV-A light) to occur in any other brand of PB15. This is an unusual choice by Daniel Smith which I speculate helps with the convincing brightness and texture match compared to the old genuine Manganese Blue. Both Turner and Winsor & Newton also make lovely sky blue options, but they lack the UV glow and granulation texture of Daniel Smith's version.

 

 PB15 Daniel Smith Watercolor Manganese Blue Hue Art Pigment Database PB15 Winsor and Newton Professional Manganese Blue Hue Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB15 Turner Watercolor Manganese Blue Hue Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PB15 Winsor and Newton Professional Winsor Blue GS Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB15 Turner Watercolor Phthalo Blue Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PB15 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Blue Watercolor Swatch Card PB15 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Phthalo Blue Swatch Card Color Chart PB15 Winsor and Newton Professional Winsor Blue RS Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB15 Turner Watercolor Phthalo Blue Red Shade Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PB15 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Blue Phthalo Pigment Database PB15 Da Vinci Phthalo Blue pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database

 

PB15 Mixtures:
PB35 PG50 PB15 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Manganese Blue Extra pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PB33 PB15 Da Vinci Watercolor Manganese Blue Mixture Art Pigment Database PB15 PV23 PW6 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Denim Watercolor Swatch Card  PB60 PB15 PBk6 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Sea Blue Swatch Card Color Chart PG7 PB15 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Teal Watercolor Swatch Card PB15 PBr7 Daniel Smith Watercolor Cascade Green Swatch Card PB15 PBr7 Paul Rubens Tube Watercolor Christmas Green Swatch Card Color Chart PBr7 PB15 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Christmas Green Swatch Card Color Chart PY42 PB15 PR101 Turner Watercolor Evergreen Color Pigment Database Swatch Card PBk6 PV19 PB15 Winsor and Newton Professional Indigo Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PBk11 PB15 Daniel Smith Lunar Blue Watercolor color separating granulating swatch database pigment PB15 PBK7 PW6 WHITE NIGHTS WATERCOLOR MARENGO ART PIGMENT PAINT DATABASE PBk6 PV19 PB15 Winsor and Newton Professional Payne's Gray Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PBk6 PV19 PB15 Winsor and Newton Professional Neutral Tint Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PB15:1 Phthalocyanine Blue RS:

See PB15, as many companies label their PB15:1 as simply PB15 "red shade". This is a deeper value Phthalo Blue that those looking for a replacement for the fugitive PB27 Prussian Blue may appreciate (also see PB60 Indanthrene/Indanthrone Blue). Instead of reaching for warmer blues for foliage greens, I find that I prefer the control of using the green shade PB15:3. I mix it with Nickel Azo Yellow PY150, adding just a touch of a red pigment (PR209 or PR254) as needed for warm olive colors. 

PB15:1  Mixtures:
PB15:1 PY42 PW6 Arrtx Gouache Cloud Peninnah Color Pigment Database Paint PB15:1 PW6 Arrtx Gouache Lake Blue Color Pigment Database Paint PB15:1 PBr7 PBk9 Schmincke Horadam Sepia Brown Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB15:1 PV19 PBk7 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Indigo Art of Pigment Tube Full Pan Color Chart PB15:1 PV19 PBk7 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Payne's Gray Watercolor Database Peynes PB19 Pigment PB15:1 PR177 PBk7 Rosa Gallery Neutral Black Watercolor Art Pigment Database Tube Pan Color Chart

 

PB15:2 Phthalocyanine Blue:
PB15:2 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Blue Lake pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional

 

PB15:2  Mixtures:

 

PB15:3 Phthalocyanine Blue BGS:
PB15:3 Prima Art Philosophy Confetti Sky Watercolor Swatch Card PB15:3 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Primary Blue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PB15:3 Rosa Gallery Bright Blue Watercolor Paint Pigment Database Handprint Color Chart PB15:3 Schmincke Aqua Drop Cyan Blue Watercolor Swatch Card PB15:3 Daler Rowney Aquafine INK Phthalo Blue Pigment Database Student PB15-3 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Phthalocyanine Blue Pigment Database Color Chart PB15:3 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Phthalo Blue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PB15:3 Calli Daler Rowney CALLIGRAPHY INK Blue pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PB15:3 Maimeri Blu Watercolor Swatch 2016 Primary Blue Cyan database pigment hue color vibrant opaque PB15:3 Schmincke AeroColor Acrylic Primary Blue Cyan texture diluted masstone glazed dip pen writing swatch card

 

PB15:3  Mixtures:
PW6 PB15-3 PG7 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Light Blue Violet color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PB29 PB15:3 PG7 PW6 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cerulean Blue Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PB29 PB15:3 PW6 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cobalt Blue Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PB15:3 PV23 Jo Sonja's Matte Fluid Acrylic Blue Violet chroma opaque flow vibrant pigment swatch card database PBk9 PB15:3 PR177 Old Holland Classic Watercolor Indigo Extra pigment swatch database card color separation swatch PG7 PB15:3 PW6 Jo Sonja's Matte Fluid Acrylic Aqua chroma opaque flow vibrant pigment swatch card database PB15:3 PG7 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Turquoise Pigment Database Color Chart Swatch Card PB15:3 PG7 PW4 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Turquoise Blue Deep pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PB15:3 PY3 PG7 Shinhan Korean Color A Blue Green Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PB15:4 Phthalocyanine Blue NCF:

PB15:4 Grumbacher Academy Thalo Blue Watercolor Swatch Card 

 

PB15:4  Mixtures:
PB15:4 PY153 PBk6 PY97 Blick Artists Watercolor Hooker's Green Deep Art Pigment Database PB15:4 PB29 PBk6 Grumbacher Academy Payne's Gray Watercolor Swatch Card

 

PB15:6 Phthalocyanine Blue:

 

PB15:6  Mixtures:
PY65 PB15:6 PR101 Winsor and Newton Professional Olive Green Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PB16 Phthalocyanine Turquoise:
Metal free Phthalo - created without the use of copper making it less toxic for fish/aquatic life/environmental concerns. This is a slightly deeper valued green-leaning Phthalo Blue that has some desaturation wet to dry shift. Lightfast with minor bronzing/darkening over many years of UV exposure. Can be slightly granulating if the manufacture selected larger coarse pigment particles, but most brands offer a very finely ground non-granulating pigment. 
PB16 Winsor and Newton Professional Phthalo Turquoise Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB16 Daler Rowney Aquafine TUBE Transparent Turquoise Pigment Database Granulating Student PB16 Schmincke AeroColor Acrylic Turquoise Blue texture diluted masstone glazed dip pen writing swatch card PB16 Schmincke Horadam Gouache Helio Turquoise Art Pigment Database PB16 Da Vinci Watercolor Phthalo Turquoise Art Pigment Database PB16 Turner Watercolor Phthalo Turquoise Staining Pigment Database Swatch Card PB16 Holbein ACRYLIC INK Phthalo Turquoise pigment swatch card color colour database

 

PB16 Mixtures:

PB16 PY3 Utrecht Watercolor Turquoise Green Art Pigment Database 

PB17 Phthalocyanine Cyan:
PB17 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Blue Peacock Swatch Card Color Chart

 

 

PB27 PRUSSIAN BLUE. Fugitive pigment often mislabeled as lightfast in watercolors. Unfortunately PB27 always fades in sun, but might recover in shade. Manufacturers who are aware of the issue may mark it as lightfast due to it's ability to regain color after being removed from light. In my opinion, paint should not need to be taken off the wall for a nap in a dark corner for it to be considered lightfast. I avoid this pigment if planning to sell a painting or display it in a gallery, because a buyer is likely to hang it in a room with a window. It is only stable in indoor artificial light or museum low-light conditions. Artwork made with Prussian Blue can fade from nearby window lighting, which can become noticeable in rooms with large windows or in locations closer to the equator. For replacing PB27 in mixtures, I would use a Phthalo Blue PB15 (red shade) instead. For a deep dark blue replacement, Phthalo and black pigments like PBk7 are often offered as a convenience mixture to create indigo hues (which look similar to Prussian Blue). You may also appreciate the single pigment option - Indanthrene PB60 as a good lightfast alternative to PB27.

 

"BUT Kim, --- brand of Prussian Blue is lightfast!" I get this a lot because every manufacturer labels their paints as LFI. I'm sorry for the bad news, but it's chemically impossible for PB27 to be totally stable. It is produced by oxidation of ferrous ferrocyanide salts. Sun bleaches the FeIII (Iron) which requires time to re-oxidize away from light. Prussian has a reaction to UV light on a chemical level, which is only reversible over time in darkness. You don't have to take my word for it though, feel free to do your own testing. Cut a swatch card in half and tape one side to the window facing outward (make sure it's not UV-blocking glass, and it's a direction that gets several hours of daily direct sunrise or sunset light) for at least 1 summer month or 3 winter months. Compare the two sides of your swatch immediately upon removal from the window. Short duration tests may have the color recover within days in shade, but PB27 becomes irreparably faded when exposed to long term light (6mo-1yr). Winsor and Newton was one of the only major manufacturers to politely include a note about this on their past color charts:

winsor and newton prussian blue pb27 watercolor cotman and professional paint 

I advise caution about trusting lightfast ratings in general, because some testing methods offer limited information. Read more about testing limitations and see a list of all the pigments that have been flagged for fading on my fugitive pigments list page.

 

Prussian blue lightfast test fade uv problem light recover shade daniel smith watercolor paint 

Each Prussian Blue watercolor I've tested faded within 3 months. In comparison, extremely fugitive paints (such as opera/neon pink) fade at about the same rate, with some brands of Opera even outlasting Prussian. Totally lightfast colors can stay in direct sunlight for several years without signs of fading. PB27 is an interesting and unique pigment though, if you put it in a shady drawer for a while the color will almost regain full strength. The only variance between brands is how MUCH it will recover AFTER fading. Prussian Blue takes time to become darker again in the shade. Some brands can make a nearly-full recovery in several weeks to months. The variance may be due to the differences in pigment source, how long the UV exposure lasted, and any protection from binder additives. It's possible that the ASTM rating came from someone who collected results and let them sit in the shade before comparing them, or decided that since it was able to recover it was OK. To me this defies the definition of a "lightfast" rating.

PB27 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Prussian Blue Extra pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PB27 Mission Gold Prussian Blue watercolor color chart swatch card lightfast test PB27 Daniel Smith Watercolor Prussian Blue Swatch Card PB27 Holbein Watercolor Prussian Blue Swatch Card PB27 Paul Rubens Watercolor Prussian Blue Swatch Card PB27 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Prussian Blue Swatch Card PB27 Sennelier Watercolor Prussian Blue Swatch Card PB27 Shinhan Watercolor Prussian Blue Swatch Card PB27 Winsor & Newton Cotman Watercolor Prussian Blue Swatch Card PB27 Winsor and Newton Professional Antwerp Blue Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB27 Winsor and Newton Professional Prussian Blue Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB27 Turner Watercolor Prussian Blue Staining Pigment Database Swatch Card PB27 Arrtx Gouache Prussian Blue Color Pigment Database Paint 

 

PB27 Mixtures:

PB27 daniel smith deep sap green watercolor swatch prussian blue lightfast test 

PB28 Cobalt Blue:

PB28 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Cobalt Blue Swatch Card Color Chart PB28 Winsor and Newton Professional Cobalt Blue Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB28 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Blue Cobalt Blue Pigment Database Color Chart Swatch Card PB28 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Cobalt Blue pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PB28 Turner Watercolor Turquoise Blue Color Pigment Database Swatch Card PB28 Rosa Gallery Cobalt Turquoise Blue Watercolor Paint Pigment Database Handprint Color Chart PB28 Rembrandt Watercolor Cobalt Turquoise Blue Art Pigment Database PB28 White Nights Watercolor Cobalt Turquoise Teal Blue Aqua Paint Color PB28 Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Cobalt Sea Blue Color Swatch Granulating PB28 Maimeri Blu Watercolor Turquoise Cobalt Watercolour swatch color chart card pigment

PB28  Mixtures:

PB28 PB36 Winsor and Newton Professional Cobalt Turquoise Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PG23 PG18 PB28 Winsor and Newton Professional Terre Verte Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PB29 Ultramarine Blue: Also known as French Ultramarine, Lapis Lazuli (genuine or hue), Cobalt Blue (hue) or Permanent Blue. Non-hazardous (low to no toxicity in humans). Typically lightfast (LFI / BW8) but care must be taken to use acid-free paper, as sulfur-based pigments will discolor when exposed to acids. Ultramarine Blue is a replacement for the chemically identical Lapis Lazuli (a semi-precious stone). Daniel Smith still offers Lapis Lazuli genuine, the naturally occurring version of this pigment used in many famous paintings throughout history. It used to be reserved for the very wealthy, until chemist Jean Baptiste Guimet came up with a formula to make it synthetically in France during the 1820s. This took a surprising number of ingredients including sulfur, kaolin clay, silica, charcoal, sodium carbonate and sulfate. The ratio and heat used to create the material, and the exposure to oxygen, results in a variety of deep blue colors.

Variants: Ultramarine comes in multiple shades such as "deep" and "GS" (green shade) and when further exposed to heat and ammonium chloride (Salammoniac) it turns slightly violet. It is then renamed Ultramarine Violet PV15. Winsor and Newton have made a color called "Smalt" without the word hue. Smalt is incredibly misleading to those seeking historical pigments, as it is actually made from Ultramarine Violet PV15 and NOT genuine Smalt PB32. When you add hydrochloric acid, Ultramarine turns into a delicate pale pink called Ultramarine Pink PR259. Be aware that all Ultramarines are generally regarded as lightfast. However, "Ultramarine Green" PG24 which may be found as a raw material pigment powder, handmade watercolor or from the company "Kremer Pigment" is not lightfast.
PB29 Schmincke Horadam Ultramarine Finest Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 Shinhan Korean Color A Ultramarine Blue Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor France Ultramarine Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 White Nights Watercolor Ultramarine Deep PB29 Ultramarine Blue White Nights Watercolor Color Chart Swatch Card PB29 Prima Tube Ultramarine Deep Swatch Card PB29 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Ultramarine Blue Pigment Database Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 Winsor and Newton Professional Ultramarine Blue GS Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 Winsor and Newton Professional French Ultramarine Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor French Ultramarine Blue Granulating Art Pigment Database PB29 Lukas Watercolor Ultramarine Blue Deep Art Pigment Database PB29 Utrecht Watercolor French Ultramarine Art Pigment Database PB29 Blick Artists Watercolor French Ultramarine Art Pigment Database PB29 Daler Rowney Aquafine INK Ultramarine Blue Dark Pigment Database Student PB29 Turner Watercolor Ultramarine Blue Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PB29 Turner Watercolor Ultramarine Deep Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PB29 Superior TUBE Watercolor Ultramarine Deep Pigment Database Color Chart PB29 Holbein Watercolor Ultramarine Deep Pigment Database Color Chart PB29 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Ultramarine Blue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PB29 Da Vinci Ultramarine Green Shade pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PB29 Maimeri Blu Watercolor Swatch Ultramarine Deep database pigment hue color vibrant opaque PB29 Old Holland Classic Watercolors French Ultramarine Light Extra pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional

 

PB29 Mixtures: An incredibly useful color for mixing and often included in both beginner and professional watercolor sets. Ultramarine Blue can be mixed with PBr7 to create an ideal neutral gray. Another popular mix is with PV19, where it makes deep royal purples. Daniel Smith's mixes have reliable texture effects in wet washes, as the PB29 granulates and separates from the PV19.
pr202 pb29 daniel smith permanent violet watercolor color separating pigment swatch card PB29 PV19 Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Mineral Violet Swatch Card Color Chart PV19 PB29 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Royal Purple Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 PV3 PW6 Rosa Gallery Lavender Watercolor Paint Pigment Database Handprint Color Chart PV15 PB29 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Ultramarine Violet Granulating Art Pigment Database PV19 PB29 Paul Rubens Tube Watercolor Royal Purple Swatch Card Color Chart PR233 PB29 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Galaxy Violet Granulating Special Edition PB36 PB29 PR176 PV19 Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Shadow Violet Light Color Swatch Granulating PB29 PBr33 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Deep Sea Violet Granulating Special Edition PBk11 PB29 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Galaxy Black Granulating Special Edition PW6 PB29 PY23 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Light Blue Permanent color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PB29 PW6 PW4 Rosa Gallery Royal Blue Watercolor Paint Pigment Database Handprint Color Chart PW4 PV23 PB29 PBk7 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Violet Grey swatch pigment dark paint art pro grade PB29 PV23 PBk7 PW4 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Blue Grey pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PG50 PV16 PB29 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Deep Sea Blue Granulating Special Edition PB29 PG50 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Glacier Blue Granulating Special Edition PG50 PB29 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Galaxy Blue Granulating Special Edition  PB29 PB15:3 PG7 PW6 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cerulean Blue Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PB29 PB15:3 PW6 Liquitex Basics Acrylic Cobalt Blue Hue color separating granulating pigment shimmer metallic PG18 PB29 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Deep Sea Green Granulating Special Edition PBr7 PB29 PY53 Daniel Smith Watercolor Olive Green Color Pigment Granulating Swatch Database Card PY150 PO48 PB29 Daniel Smith Watercolor Undersea Green Art Pigment Database PO73 PB29 PG18 Paul Rubens Tube Watercolor Royal Purple Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 PG18 Paul Rubens Tube Watercolor Royal Purple Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 PB66 Shinhan Korean Color A Indigo Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PO73 PB29 PG18 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Moonlight Purple Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 PG18 PR177 Da Vinci Artemis Moonglow Dupe Look-A-Like Watercolor PB29 PG18 PR177 Daniel Smith Moonglow Watercolor Lightfast Fugitive Pigment Database PB29 PG18 PR177 Daniel Smith Moonglow Watercolor PAN versus Tube masstone PB29 PG18 PR177 Daniel Smith Moonglow Watercolor PAN versus Tube masstone PB15:4 PB29 PBk6 Grumbacher Academy Payne's Gray Watercolor Swatch Card PBk9 PB29 Utrecht Watercolor payne's Gray Art Pigment Database PB29 PBr7 Daniel Smith Jane's Grey Watercolor Mixture Granulating Art Pigment Database Swatch Card PB29 PY42 PBk9 Daniel Smith Watercolor Payne's Gray pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PB29 PBk9 Old Holland Classic Watercolor Payne's Grey pigment swatch database card color separation swatch

 

PB33 Manganese Blue:
Highly lightfast, bright cyan blue, heavily granulating in watercolor. Discontinued by all major manufactures. I highly recommend Daniel Smith's Manganese Blue Hue (see PB15) as it is the closest match in color and granulation I have ever seen for this pigment. PB33 may still be obtainable in limited quantities, but it is rare, found only in powder form, old paint stock and small business handmade paints. The commercial manufacturing of this pigment stopped in 2016. Prized for its value as an ideal primary cyan mixing color and sky blue, artist demand has made remaining stock extremely valuable, with ebay sales going for over $100 for old tubes or pans of watercolor. Barium Sulphate-Permanganate (Barium Manganate + Sulphate) is very toxic, particularly harmful due to the fact that Manganese is an essential nutrient easy absorbed by the human body. This pigment should be handled with caution, especially to avoid breathing it in powder form, as it can cause a nervous system disorder similar to Parkinson's disease. Lukas, Blockx and Old Holland offered this as a watercolor before supplies ran out. I noticed that over the years the binder in Old Holland has slightly yellowed and caused this pigment to granulate less than when it was fresh 5 years before this swatch:
PB33 Old Holland Watercolor Manganese Blue Genuine Art Pigment Database PB33 Old Holland Watercolor Manganese Blue Art Pigment Database 

 

PB33 Mixtures:

PB33 PB15 Da Vinci Watercolor Manganese Blue Mixture Art Pigment Database 

PB35 Cerulean Blue:
PB35 Winsor and Newton Professional Cerulean Blue RSF Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB35 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor French Cobalt Azure Granulating Art Pigment Database PB35 Winsor and Newton Professional Cerulean Blue Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PB35 Mixtures:

PB35 PG50 PB15 Old Holland Classic Watercolors Manganese Blue Extra pigment swatch rare mineral paint art professional PBk11 PB74 PB35 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Deep Sea Black Granulating Special Edition  PBk11 PB35 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Glacier Black Granulating Special Edition 

PB36 Cobalt Chromite:
 PB36 Da Vinci Watercolor Cobalt Turquoise Art Pigment Database PB36 Rembrandt Cerulean Blue Deep Handprint Pigment Database Granulating Blue PB36 White Nights Watercolor Cobalt Chrome Turqoise PB36 Grumbacher Academy Magnesium Green Watercolor Swatch Card PB36 Grumbacher Watercolor Cobalt Turquoise Art Pigment Database PB36 Blick Artists Watercolor Cobalt Turquoise Art Pigment Database

 

PB36 Mixtures:

PB36 PG50 Turner Watercolor Cobalt Turquoise Color Pigment Database Swatch Card PB28 PB36 Winsor and Newton Professional Cobalt Turquoise Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart PB36 PB29 PR176 PV19 Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Shadow Violet Light Color Swatch Granulating 

PB60 Indanthrone Blue:
PB60 Winsor and Newton Watercolor Professional Indanthrene Blue Swatch Card Color Chart PB60 Rosa Gallery Watercolor Blue Indantrene Indanthrone Indanthrene Pigment Database PB60 Schmincke Horadam Delft Blue Indanthrene Indanthrone Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PB60 Mixtures:
PB60 PB15 PBk6 Paul Rubens Hint of Glitter Pan Set Watercolor Sea Blue Swatch Card Color Chart PY129 PB60 PG7 PBr7 PR101 Old Holland Classic Watercolor Olive Green Dark pigment swatch database card color separation swatch PB60 PBk6 Daniel Smith Watercolor Payne's Blue Gray pigment dip pen swatch card color colour database PB60 PBk7 PR209 Sennelier Pro Watercolor Neutral Tint Art Pigment Database 

 

PB66 Indigo (synthetic): Fugitive. A synthetic reproduction of plant based indigo, fades within several months of nearby window light. Given oddly good lightfast ratings in both Shinhan and Maimeri Blu, but fades at about LFIII-LFIV equivalent. It is likely that the Shinhan Indigo under mixtures below is also a pure PB66 color, but the tube also listed PB29. The color chart catalog and art materials stores have marked this as single pigment PB66, so it may have been a typo.

 

nb1 pb66 natural genuine indigo pigment synthetic lightfast test watercolor maimeri blu

 

PB66 Maimeri Blu Paynes Grey watercolor gray vat blue 1 pigment rare fugitive

 

PB66 Mixtures:
PB29 PB66 Shinhan Korean Color A Indigo Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

PB72 Cobalt Zin Aluminate Blue:
PB72 Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Aquarius Cobalt Blue Color Swatch Granulating

 

 

PB74 Cobalt Zinc Silicate Blue:
PB74 Winsor and Newton Watercolor Professional Cobalt Blue Deep Swatch Card Color Chart PB29 Schmincke Horadam Watercolor Cobalt Blue Deep Granulating Art Pigment Database PB74 Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Cobalt Blue Deep Color Swatch Granulating

 

PB74 Mixtures:

PBk11 PB74 PB35 Schmincke Professional Watercolor Deep Sea Black Granulating Special Edition  

PB82 MayaCrom Blue B2050:
PB82 Turner Watercolor Maya Blue Color Art Pigment Database Swatch Card

 

NB1 Indigo (natural) - This is a natural plant dye laked as a pigment (fermented leaves of the indigo plant adhered to a salt base). It is fugitive (just like the synthetic version, see PB66). It has fairly strong UV resistance in masstone, but fading easily when diluted. It is offered by only a couple major companies worldwide, including MaimeriBlu (Italy) and Kremer Pigment (Germany). More common paints that are labeled "Indigo" as a color name (without correctly adding the word "hue" to indicate it's not the genuine plant pigment) are usually mixtures made of a lightfast phthalo blue + black instead.
NB1 Indigo Blue Natural watercolor plant based maimeri blu pigment fugitive

 

Blue Apatite Genuine: Lightfast mineral pigment. Daniel Smith offers this pigment in watercolor and it is otherwise rarely used in paint making.
Mineral Daniel Smith Blue Apatite Genuine Watercolor sparkle glitter gemstone rare color swatch database pigment

 

Kyanite Genuine: Lightfast mineral pigment. Daniel Smith offers this pigment in watercolor and it is otherwise rarely used in paint making.
Mineral Daniel Smith Kyanite Genuine Watercolor gemstone rare color swatch database pigment

 

Lapis Lazuli (genuine): This natural blue mineral is often a mixture of lazurite, calcite, and pyrite. The deeper blue the mineral, the more Lazurite, and more expensive it tends to be. This is offered by a few watercolor manufacturers including Daniel Smith, Paul Rubens and Roman Szmal. It is a weak pale pigment easily replicated by diluting ultramarine blue. Historically this pigment was very expensive, as one of the only natural blues available to artists before the synthetic version was created. Ultramarine Blue is the synthetically manufactured version of natural Lapis Lazuli.
Lapis Lazuli Natural Mineral Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Lazurite Color Swatch Granulating

 

Palomar Turquoise: This pigment is Phthalo based, developed by Sun Chemical company for the automotive industry. Winsor and Newton has used this ingredient for their watercolor paint named "Aqua Green". It is similar in blue-green hue to Phthalo Turquoise PB16, but due to larger particle size this color also has a subtle green granulation particularly apparent in wet washes.
Winsor and Newton Professional Aqua Green Watercolor Swatch Card Color Chart

 

Sodalite Genuine: Lightfast mineral pigment. Daniel Smith offers this pigment in watercolor and it is otherwise rarely used in paint making. Caution - I have seen some color changes in the wet tube/stick form over a period of 3 or more years in humid environments. This appears to desaturate the blue hue to a flat gray-black, but not in thin layers already painted on paper. This pigment appears to be stable once used, but left in larger clumps with internal humidity and environmental factors it can change color. There have been reviews where people have gotten a "new" tube and it was darker gray, no blue to be seen, but I can't be certain they didn't get old stock that sat at a store for too long vs. there being natural batch to batch differences in this mineral. I can tell you that my single stick (like a dry pan) sample changed color over a period of 3 years in humid Florida - resulting in the exact same paint swatching blue when new and gray when old.
Mineral Daniel Smith Sodalite Genuine STICK Watercolor sparkle glitter gemstone rare color swatch database pigment Mineral Daniel Smith Sodalite Genuine PAN Watercolor sparkle glitter gemstone rare color swatch database pigment

 

Sugalite: Lightfast mineral pigment. Daniel Smith offers this pigment in watercolor and it is otherwise rarely used in paint making.
Mineral Daniel Smith Sugalite Genuine Watercolor sparkle glitter gemstone rare color swatch database pigment

 

Vivianite (Blue Ochre): WARNING - FUGITIVE (color changing) *** This natural hydrated iron phosphate mineral is often sold as pigment powder for those who make their own paint. DIY handmade watercolor sellers often have this, Malachite and Azurite which are extremely uncommon in professional paints. The major problem with all of these pigments is that they are chemically unstable. Daniel Smith used to offer them years ago before they were discontinued. Paul Rubens and Roman Szmal have recently added Malachite to their catalogs, and Roman Szmal also has Vivianite show below. *** These colors are not fugitive regarding UV light, so they are marketed as LFI / BW8 despite changing color over time due to chemical changes. The color turns yellow, changing blues and pale greens into warm yellow-greens due to interactions with air pollution, humidity, the chemicals used during the manufacturing process. You can cause this color change from exposure to your other paints (such as nickel from your nearby half-pan of PY150 Nickel Azo Yellow or mixing it with sulfur in your PB29 Ultramarine Blue). Not ideal for professional art.
Vivianite Blue Ochre Roman Szmal Aquarius Watercolor Natural Mineral Color Swatch Granulating

 

VB1 - Vat Blue 1 - Appears to be the older name for PB66 Synthetic Indigo. Some pigment manufacturers (like Cornelissen established in 1855) as well as watercolor companies like MaimeriBlu and Utrecht (now owned by Blick) still label this pigment as Vat Blue 1. It appears that a mistake was made on Blick's website under Utrecht Indigo Blue watercolor's pigment tab, marking VB1 as PB1 (Victoria Blue) on accident. However, that is a different pigment (likely a typo). Vat Blue 1 is reflected on the paint label itself. The reason I have separately listed Utrecht's version here (instead of under PB66 with Maimeri's version) is because there is something substantially different about the way it was made.

utrecht indigo synthetic vat blue 1 lightfast test not fugitive for a pb66

UNLIKE natural or synthetic indigo (NB1 or PB66) or even Victoria Blue PB1, this "Indigo Blue" by Utrecht IS actually lightfast. It appears that something was manufactured completely differently for this version of Vat Blue 1.

 

Utrecht indigo watercolor paint pb66 vat blue 1 vb1 not victoria blue pb1 pigment

 

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Swatch card template available for download here, or get the rubber stamp here. Swatch cards were painted on Legion Black or Arches Cold Press 100% cotton watercolor paper. Paper and brushes are available at Jackson's or Amazon here:

 

 

 

OR

 

https://www.dickblick.com

 

 

These affiliate links are to places I have personally purchased my art materials. When available I'll include multiple reputable stores so you can compare and decide where you'd like to shop. Dick Blick ("DB" links below) is a large art supply chain store here in the USA that ships worldwide. Jackson's ("Jack" links below) is a great UK based art supply store which also ships worldwide, but carries some harder to find European products with quick low cost shipping to the USA. Amazon USA ("Ama" links below) often offers unique brands, including small business and Chinese off brand watercolor sets, that can not be found anywhere else. As an Amazon associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.

 

Arches 100% cotton cold press 140# watercolor paper is one of the most durable surfaces for technical pen, scrubbing and lifting. It's surface sizing (coating) and texture is a good middle ground compared to the extremes of different brands. Due to these traits, and it being around for long enough to be the most commonly recommended paper for professionals, all of my swatches are done on this paper for consistency. Only white (and mica paints that do not show up on white) use the Legion Black paper instead. I buy arches paper at Blick, and if you are in the USA this is likely the most affordable place to buy it.

 

Daniel Smith watercolors -- available on DB, Jack or Ama.
Rembrandt watercolors -- available on DB in Pans or TubesJack or Ama.

 

Interested in other ways to help this project? Visit me at Kimberly Crick Art on YouTube or Patreon. If you have supplies that you would like to donate, such as watercolor dot cards or samples from your company that you would like reviewed or displayed in this pigment directory, please email me at enchantedgallery@gmail.com or use the contact form with details. Thank you :)

 

Pigment directory index yellow navigation dictionary Pigment directory index orange navigation dictionary Pigment directory index red navigation dictionary Pigment directory index violet navigation dictionary Pigment directory index blue navigation dictionary Pigment directory index green navigation dictionary Pigment directory index brown navigation dictionary Pigment directory index black navigation dictionary Pigment directory index white mica metallic navigation dictionary Pigment directory index dye based ink navigation dictionary

 

Lightfast Tests and Art Supply Reviews Pigment Database